The four temperaments, choleric, sanguine, phlegmatic, and melancholic, are so interesting to learn about! Essie often has fun analyzing and observing other’s temperaments. What are these temperaments about? Each one has its own virtues and vices, and each person has a primary and secondary temperament. Since this is just an introduction, Essie will only be scratching the surface!
First we have the choleric-irascible and extrovert. Cholerics are known for being determined, driven, and bold. They are very capable and can do anything when they have set their mind to it. Cholerics will often speak their mind and do not run away from a fight. This shows their confidence and passion for what they think is right and good. They are natural born leaders: they like to do it their way and do not follow when they do not respect the one in charge. If a choleric is not in charge they will test the authority until the authority has proved to them that they are capable. If a choleric does respect the authority, they make for a very good follower. Since cholerics prefer to do things on their own, they become annoyed and impatient when someone is not “doing it properly”. This is a vice for a choleric for it shows they are prideful. Other vices include being very stubborn, sometimes unfeeling towards others, and pride. Overall cholerics are very ambitious and full of fire!
Next we have the phlegmatic! Oh phlegmatics!:) This temperament is the complete opposite of cholerics. It is also irascible, however it is in introvert. Phlegmatics are laid back, very rational, and can and like being sociable. They will take a long time to make a decision because they take in everything from all angles, and once they make up their minds, they are not easily swayed. Phlegmatics are slow moving and are prone to laziness and procrastination; however, they persevere in their work. They are usually constant in friendship (one of Essie’s best friends’ is a phlegmatic), and they are easy to talk too. They are not easily exasperated by sufferings and trials. They remain calm, composed, and deliberate! They also have a pragmatic and practical judgement.
Now for the first emotional temperament-sanguine. Sanguines are talkative, fun, love to be in group settings, but are also impulsive, and can be very superficial. They will never say no to being the centre of attention or being introduced and having a nice chat with someone they have never met. Sanguines are not leaders..they follow, which can and cannot be a bad thing, depending on the situation or how shallow the sanguine is. They are out going and always ready for an adventure. If you want to go out and do things, take a sanguine..they will usually make everything more exciting! It was said earlier that sanguines can be superficial and shallow. This can be all too true! Since sanguines lie to themselves, they will actually believe that in the moment you are their best friend, or they will truly believe a thought they are having. But some time later they will honestly believe a thought that contradicts what they thought before. So watch out! Not all sanguines are like this though. Some sanguines are like squirrels…they see something shiny so they go after it and when it bores them they ditch it and move on. Well enough about sanguines lets move on to the next emotional temperament.
Melancholic! The full on introvert and the second emotional temperament! Melancholics are very quiet in social settings…that is if they appear in social settings. It can be very hard to pull a melancholic out of their shell because they are so stubborn. If a melancholic has decided they do not want to do something, they will not budge simply because they do not want to do it…even though it make someone happy if they did it. Melancholics are not all bad…even though it may take awhile for them to let someone into their shell, that person is there forever. There forever until that person does something so terrible that the melancholic could not forget..then they will be pushed out forever. They are easily embarrassed, timid, and shy. They would rather play and work alone, and pay close attention to detail. Melancholics are prone to depression, and are prideful. Their pride is very different from that of a cholerics..they are very afraid of being humiliated and disgrace. This isn’t obvious because they are reserved which can come across as meek and humble. Because they are so internal, prayer comes easier to them then extroverts. Melancholics are prudent and trustworthy friends.
These descriptions of the temperaments are only the main points…there is so much more on temperaments. However one cannot be overly obsessed with them. If you pin someone at a temperament that shouldn’t be the final decision because a person can grow and change. Just because they are a certain temperament does not mean they will do everything that is exactly like that specific temperament. There will be more about temperaments in the future so stay tuned!